I like the US constitution and the bill of rights right up to amendment 12. Its a pretty easy read and not that long. There is a profound difference between the US constitution and other constitutions I have read.
The people who emigrated to what was to become the US were fleeing persecution from Europe. Many saw this as an opportunity for freedom from the tyranny they endured where they had come from. For this reason the the people running the states valued autonomy. The states to agreed to the federation on the condition that federal powers were limited and the US constitution and bill of rights represents an explicit attempt to limits the power of government.
All other constitutions I have read put no limit on government power. Some may appear to but most have exceptions. Amendment 10 even states
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
So by default it is a state or individual right if its not covered elswhere in the constitution.
The constitution also details how the federal Republic (the form of government that governs the United States of America) is run. The founding fathers of the US went to a great deal of trouble to put together a
As I said earlier I also looked at other constitutions of the world below is what I found
The UK does not have a constitution but does have a document called the magnacarter.It was written in 1215 at a time when the King John was needing money and assistance from the barons and the church. The barons agreed to provide assistance and money but in return they required some limits to royal power which was the birth of the English legal system.
The magnacarter documented these requirement which was signed at Runnymede. important items in the document include
- A right to a trial by jury
- Innocent until proven guilty
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
This one has a huge clause in the bottom of this one
Article 29.(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
Other constitutions or founding documents were not as genuine in there aim. For example the magnacarter was written at a time when the King of England was having to make concessions for money and power so is more obtuse and less genuine. People quote the magna carter as being the UK “constitution” it is true that there is a great deal in there about the running of the country and some founding principles in there that form the basis to the US constitution and there are some rights explicit that the king no longer has according to the magna carter
A quick google search found that South Africas’s constitution is though of as being really good by a number of websites. I don’t like it its too long and it has one huge problem
36. Limitation of rights
- The rights in the Bill of Rights may be limited only in terms of law of general application to the extent that the limitation is reasonable and justifiable in an open and democratic society based on human dignity, equality and freedom, taking into account all relevant factors, including
- the nature of the right;
- the importance of the purpose of the limitation;
- the nature and extent of the limitation;
- the relation between the limitation and its purpose; and
- less restrictive means to achieve the purpose.
What this means is that any items in the African constitution can be overruled by a new law. So the US the constitution states that the constitution overalls any future law.
After WW2 the German constitution was developed in part to prevent another totalitarian regime. As a result it is has a number of items that limit government power. However its a bit long and does have the same thorough protection of rights in the document below are a few items I found interesting on my persusal
Article 8(2) With regard to open-air meetings this right may be restricted by or pursuant to a law. (3) Art and science, research and teaching are free. Freedom of teaching does not absolve from loyalty to the constitution. Article 7 (Education). (1) The entire education system is under the supervision of the state. Article 15 (Socialization). Land, natural resources and means of production may for the purpose of socialization be transferred into public ownership or other forms of publicly controlled economy by a law which provides for kind and extent of the compensation. With respect to such compensation Article 14, para. 3, sentences 3 and 4, apply mutatis mutandis. (2) No German may be extradited to a foreign country. Persons persecuted for political reasons enjoy the right of asylum Article 26 (Ban on preparing a war of aggression) (1) Activities tending and undertaken with the intent to disturb peaceful relations between nations, especially to prepare for aggressive war, are unconstitutional. They shall be made a punishable offense.